Wallenstein\'s Camp

Фридрих Шиллер
Wallenstein's Camp

The Camp of Wallenstein is an introduction to the celebrated tragedy of that name; and, by its vivid portraiture of the state of the general's army, gives the best clue to the spell of his gigantic power. The blind belief entertained in the unfailing success of his arms, and in the supernatural agencies by which that success is secured to him; the unrestrained indulgence of every passion, and utter disregard of all law, save that of the camp; a hard oppression of the peasantry and plunder of the country, have all swollen the soldiery with an idea of interminable sway. But as we have translated the whole, we shall leave these reckless marauders to speak for themselves.

Of Schiller's opinion concerning the Camp, as a necessary introduction to the tragedy, the following passage taken from the prologue to the first representation, will give a just idea, and may also serve as a motto to the work: —

 
   "Not he it is, who on the tragic scene
   Will now appear – but in the fearless bands
   Whom his command alone could sway, and whom
   His spirit fired, you may his shadow see,
   Until the bashful Muse shall dare to bring
   Himself before you in a living form;
   For power it was that bore his heart astray
   His Camp, alone, elucidates his crime."
 

DRAMATIS PERSONAE

Sergeant-Major | of a regiment of Recruit.

Trumpeter | Terzky's carabineers. Citizen.

Artilleryman, Peasant.

Sharpshooters. Peasant Boy.

Mounted Yagers, of Holk's corps. Capuchin.

Dragoons, of Butler's regiment. Regimental Schoolmaster.

Arquebusiers, of Tiefenbach's regiment. Sutler-Woman.

Cuirassier, of a Walloon regiment. Servant Girl.

Cuirassier, of a Lombard regiment. Soldiers' Boys.

Croats. Musicians.

Hulans.

(SCENE. – The Camp before Pilsen, in Bohemia.)

SCENE I

Sutlers' tents – in front, a Slop-shop. Soldiers of all colors and uniforms thronging about. Tables all filled. Croats and Hulans cooking at a fire. Sutler-woman serving out wine. Soldier-boys throwing dice on a drum-head. Singing heard from the tent.

Enter a Peasant and his Son.

SON
 
  Father, I fear it will come to harm,
  So let us be off from this soldier swarm;
  But boist'rous mates will ye find in the shoal —
  'Twere better to bolt while our skins are whole.
 
FATHER
 
  How now, boy! the fellows wont eat us, though
  They may be a little unruly, or so.
  See, yonder, arriving a stranger train,
  Fresh comers are they from the Saal and Mayne;
  Much booty they bring of the rarest sort —
  'Tis ours, if we cleverly drive our sport.
  A captain, who fell by his comrade's sword,
  This pair of sure dice to me transferred;
  To-day I'll just give them a trial to see
  If their knack's as good as it used to be.
  You must play the part of a pitiful devil,
  For these roaring rogues, who so loosely revel,
  Are easily smoothed, and tricked, and flattered,
  And, free as it came, their gold is scattered.
  But we – since by bushels our all is taken,
  By spoonfuls must ladle it back again;
  And, if with their swords they slash so highly,
  We must look sharp, boy, and do them slyly.
 

[Singing and shouting in the tent.

 
  Hark, how they shout! God help the day!
  'Tis the peasant's hide for their sport must pay.
  Eight months in our beds and stalls have they
  Been swarming here, until far around
  Not a bird or a beast is longer found,
  And the peasant, to quiet his craving maw,
  Has nothing now left but his bones to gnaw.
  Ne'er were we crushed with a heavier hand,
  When the Saxon was lording it o'er the land:
  And these are the Emperor's troops, they say!
 
SON
 
  From the kitchen a couple are coming this way,
  Not much shall we make by such blades as they.
 
FATHER
 
  They're born Bohemian knaves – the two —
  Belonging to Terzky's carabineers,
  Who've lain in these quarters now for years;
  The worst are they of the worthless crew.
  Strutting, swaggering, proud and vain,
  They seem to think they may well disdain
  With the peasant a glass of his wine to drain
  But, soft – to the left o' the fire I see
  Three riflemen, who from the Tyrol should be
  Emmerick, come, boy, to them will we.
  Birds of this feather 'tis luck to find,
  Whose trim's so spruce, and their purse well lined.
 

[They move towards the tent.

SCENE II

The above – Sergeant-Major, Trumpeter, Hulan.

TRUMPETER
 
  What would the boor? Out, rascal, away!
 
PEASANT
 
  Some victuals and drink, worthy masters, I pray,
  For not a warm morsel we've tasted to day.
 
TRUMPETER
 
  Ay, guzzle and guttle – 'tis always the way.
 
HULAN (with a glass)
 
  Not broken your fast! there – drink, ye hound!
     He leads the peasant to the tent – the others come forward.
 
SERGEANT (to the Trumpeter)
 
  Think ye they've done it without good ground?
  Is it likely they double our pay to-day,
  Merely that we may be jolly and gay?
 
TRUMPETER
 
  Why, the duchess arrives to-day, we know,
  And her daughter too —
 
SERGEANT
 
             Tush! that's mere show —
  'Tis the troops collected from other lands
  Who here at Pilsen have joined our bands —
  We must do the best we can t' allure 'em,
  With plentiful rations, and thus secure 'em.
  Where such abundant fare they find,
  A closer league with us to bind.
 
TRUMPETER
 
  Yes! – there's something in the wind.
 
SERGEANT
 
  The generals and commanders too —
 
TRUMPETER
 
  A rather ominous sight, 'tis true.
 
SERGEANT
 
  Who're met together so thickly here —
 
TRUMPETER
 
  Have plenty of work on their hands, that's clear.
 
SERGEANT
 
  The whispering and sending to and fro —
 
TRUMPETER
 
  Ay! Ay!
 
SERGEANT
 
  The big-wig from Vienna, I trow,
  Who since yesterday's seen to prowl about
  In his golden chain of office there —
  Something's at the bottom of this, I'll swear.
 
TRUMPETER
 
  A bloodhound is he beyond a doubt,
  By whom the duke's to be hunted out.
 
SERGEANT
 
  Mark ye well, man! – they doubt us now,
  And they fear the duke's mysterious brow;
  He hath clomb too high for them, and fain
  Would they beat him down from his perch again.
 
TRUMPETER
 
  But we will hold him still on high —
  That all would think as you and I!
 
SERGEANT
 
  Our regiment, and the other four
  Which Terzky leads – the bravest corps
  Throughout the camp, are the General's own,
  And have been trained to the trade by himself alone
  The officers hold their command of him,
  And are all his own, or for life or limb.
 

SCENE III

Enter Croat with a necklace. Sharpshooter following him.

The above.

SHARPSHOOTER
 
  Croat, where stole you that necklace, say?
  Get rid of it man – for thee 'tis unmeet:
  Come, take these pistols in change, I pray.
 
CROAT
 
  Nay, nay, Master Shooter, you're trying to cheat.
 
SHARPSHOOTER
 
  Then I'll give you this fine blue cap as well,
  A lottery prize which just I've won:
  Look at the cut of it – quite the swell!
 
CROAT (twirling the Necklace in the Sun)
 
  But this is of pearls and of garnets bright,
  See, how it plays in the sunny light!
 
SHARPSHOOTER (taking the Necklace)
 
  Well, I'll give you to boot, my own canteen —
  I'm in love with this bauble's beautiful sheen.
 

[Looks at it.

 
TRUMPETER
 
  See, now! – how cleanly the Croat is done
  Snacks! Master Shooter, and mum's the word.
 
CROAT (having put on the cap)
 
  I think your cap is a smartish one.
 
SHARPSHOOTER (winking to the Trumpeter)
 
  'Tis a regular swop, as these gents have heard.
 

SCENE IV

The above. An Artilleryman.

ARTILLERYMAN (to the Sergeant)
 
  How is this I pray, brother carabineer?
  Shall we longer stay here, our fingers warming,
  While the foe in the field around is swarming?
 
SERGEANT
 
  Art thou, indeed, in such hasty fret?
  Why the roads, as I think, are scarce passable yet.
 
ARTILLERYMAN
 
  For me they are not – I'm snug enough here —
  But a courier's come, our wits to waken
  With the precious news that Ratisbon's taken.
 
TRUMPETER
 
  Ha! then we soon shall have work in hand.
 
SERGEANT
 
  Indeed! to protect the Bavarian's land,
  Who hates the duke, as we understand,
  We won't put ourselves in a violent sweat.
 
ARTILLERYMAN
 
  Heyday! – you'll find you're a wiseacre yet.
 
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